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Steve Clean Expertise, Innovation, and Nice Energy Competitors – Class 5 – AI and Machine Studying

This text first appeared in West Level’s Trendy Struggle Institute.

We simply accomplished the fifth week of our new nationwide safety class at Stanford – Expertise, Innovation and Nice Energy CompetitorsJoe FelterRaj Shah and I designed the category to cowl how know-how will form all the weather of nationwide energy (America’s affect and footprint on the world stage).

In class 1, we realized that nationwide energy is the mix of a rustic’s diplomacy, data/intelligence, its army capabilities, financial energy, finance, intelligence, and regulation enforcement. This “complete of presidency method” is understood by the acronym DIME-FIL.

Class 2 targeted on China, the U.S.’s major  nice energy competitor. China is utilizing all parts of nationwide energy: diplomacy (mushy energy, alliances, coercion), data/ intelligence, its army would possibly and financial energy (Belt and Street Initiative) in addition to exploiting Western finance and know-how. China’s aim is to problem and overturn the U.S.-led liberal worldwide order and substitute it with a neo-totalitarian mannequin.

The third class targeted on Russia, which since 2014 has asserted itself as a competing nice energy. We realized how Russia pursues safety and financial pursuits in parallel with its ideological goals. At instances, these targets complement one another. At different instances they conflict, as Russian coverage is run by Vladimir Putin and his political establishments.

The fourth class shifted our focus to the influence industrial applied sciences have on DIME-FIL. The primary know-how we examined had been semiconductors, the oil of the twenty first century. The U.S. depends on TSMC, situated in Taiwan, for its most superior logic chips. That is problematic as China claims Taiwan is a province of China.

Right this moment’s class: Synthetic Intelligence / Machine Studying

Meet up with the category by studying our intro to the category, and summaries of Courses 1, 2, 3 and 4


Required Readings

Introduction to AI

The AI Arms Race: Reality or Fiction?

China’s AI Technique

Russian AI Technique

US AI Technique

Obama Administration

Trump Administration

Biden Administration

Different AI and Nationwide Safety Assets

Studying Task Questions:

Choose one of many beneath questions and reply in roughly 100 phrases, primarily based on the required readings. Please word that this task will likely be graded and rely in direction of course participation.

  1. How would you characterize the geopolitical AI Arms Race? Is an “arms race” the correct lens by way of which to grasp this phenomenon, or is there one other technique to higher perceive nice energy competitors within the AI area?
  2. Can the U.S. study any classes from China’s AI technique?

Class 5 – Visitor Audio system

Our audio system for our fifth class had been Mike Brown, Nand Mulchandani and Jacqueline Tame.

Mike Brown is the director of the Protection Innovation Unit (DIU) – a Division of Protection group that contracts with industrial firms to resolve nationwide safety issues. Beforehand Mike was the CEO of Symantec and Quantum.

Nand Mulchandani is the Chief Expertise Officer of the Joint Synthetic Intelligence Middle (JAIC). The JAIC is the point of interest of the Division of Protection AI technique.

Jacqueline Tame was the previous Performing Deputy Director of the JAIC and the architect of the JAIC “Gamechanger,” an AI-driven Coverage Evaluation Software.

Mike Brown led off the session with an outline of the Protection Innovation Unit (DIU).

In case you can’t see Mike Brown’s Protection Innovation Unit presentation click on right here.

Key takeaways from Mike’s discuss had been that 1) 50 years in the past defense-related R&D made up 36% of world R&D. Right this moment, defense-related R&D is 4%. Key applied sciences wanted by protection at this time are made by industrial firms (5G, AI, biotech, quantum, entry to area, batteries, and many others.) 2) The highest tech firms (Fb, Alphabet, Microsoft, Amazon, and Apple) outspend U.S. prime contractors 11 to 1 in R&D ($70.5B versus $6.2B.)

DIU’s function is to seek out after which funnel industrial know-how into the DoD by prototyping, transitioning, and scaling options. They’ve (by DoD requirements) a particularly quick pipeline from drawback curation, to evaluating and choosing firms, then prototyping initiatives and inserting them into DoD applications. AI/MLis without doubt one of the six core areas DIU focuses on (together with area, autonomy, superior power and supplies, cyber and human methods.) DIU AI/ML has three strains of effort: machine Studying predictions, large information evaluation, enhanced resolution making.

Nand Mulchandani described the function and the initiatives of the JAIC. One specifically, Gamechanger, was conceived and run by Jacqueline Tame.

Gamechanger makes use of AI to deal with an issue solely a authorities may create. The DoD and federal laws have 10’s of hundreds of insurance policies, legal guidelines, laws that inform decision-makers what they’ll or can’t do. These exist elsewhere on completely different networks and alter nearly each day. Now you may merely sort a pure language question that asks, “Do I’ve the authority do x?” Or, “How should buy this merchandise rapidly?” and many others.

Lecture 5

In case you can’t see the slides, click on right here

Our first dialogue in school (Slide 7) was whether or not Nicholas Chaillan’s (the primary Air Pressure Chief Software program Officer) declare that we have now already misplaced the AI battle to China was right.

Slides 9-14 kicked off the dialogue of the geopolitical implications of AI. Given each China and Russia have made a AI a nationwide effort, how will AI influence all facets of DIME (Diplomatic, Intelligence, Navy, and Financial) and nationwide energy? What are the impacts of AI created deep fakes? AI automating picture recognition of satellite tv for pc information? AI creating optimum ideas of operations? AI-tuned cyber-attacks? AI cyber safety? AI sensible/predicative upkeep? and many others.  The place will we first see its impacts? What is going to our response be?

Class Dialogue Questions: (Slide 15)

  • How would you characterize the strengths and weaknesses of the U.S.’s AI Technique?
  • How would you advise the Biden Administration to pursue an AI Technique?

Subsequent week: Autonomy and Unmanned Programs

Classes Realized

  • AI and machine studying is a important know-how that may influence all facets of DIME (Diplomatic, Intelligence, Navy, and Financial) and nationwide energy
  • A lot of the superior work in AI/ML is going on in industrial firms and universities not the DoD
    • China and Russia have made AI and machine studying nationwide priorities
  • The Protection Innovation Unit (DIU) exists to seek out after which funnel industrial know-how like AI/ML into the DoD
  • The Joint Synthetic Intelligence Middle (JAIC) is the point of interest of the Division of Protection AI technique



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